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8.8 Geological Sciences Course Descriptions-4000 Level
Course Code
GEOL 4250  Credits View Details
Title Theory and Application of Geophysical Inversion Methods 
Description (Lab required) Introduction to linear and non-linear geophysical inversion theory. Prerequisites: [GEOL 2060 (C)] and [MATH 1210 (C) or MATH 1300 (C) or MATH 1301 (C) or MATH 1310 (C)].  


Course Code
GEOL 4260  Credits View Details
Title Applied Geophysics Field Course 
Description Field instruction in the planning and execution of geophysical surveys and the use of geophysical equipment; analysis, interpretation and reporting of acquired geophysical data. Taught with the first half of GEOL 4740 in the summer term. Students are responsible for costs of room and board during the field course. Not to be held with GEOL 4740. Prerequisites: GEOL 3810, GEOL 2440, GEOL 2520, GEOL 2530, and permission of department. 


Course Code
GEOL 4270  Credits View Details
Title Advanced Studies in Earth Sciences 
Description Advanced study in a selected subject in Earth sciences. Prerequisite: Permission of department head. As the course content will vary from year to year, students may take this course more than once for credit.  


Course Code
GEOL 4280  Credits View Details
Title Instrumental Techniques in Geology 
Description (Lab required) Lecture and laboratory course introducing modern instrumental techniques for the characterization of materials. Includes coverage of diffraction, spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, electron and scanning probe techniques. Emphasis is placed on basic principles, instrument operation, data analysis and sample preparation. Prerequisites: GEOL 2520 and GEOL 2530 and GEOL 2770 and permission of department. 


Course Code
GEOL 4300  Credits View Details
Title Mineral Deposits 
Description (Lab required) The tectonic setting and deformational and structural nature of ore deposits. The physics and chemistry of ore deposition and ore bearing fluids. The mineralogical, textural and environmental constraints on resource exploitation. Prerequisites: GEOL 3110 and GEOL 3900


Course Code
GEOL 4310  Credits View Details
Title Paleontologic Principles 
Description (Lab required) Interpretation of Earth history using fossils: topics in taxonomy, functional morphology, paleoecology, evolution, biostratigraphy, and biogeography. Prerequisite: GEOL 3310 or permission of department. 


Course Code
GEOL 4320  Credits View Details
Title Physics of the Earth: Seismology and Heat Flow 
Description Seismology and the structure, physical properties and equations of state of the Earth’s interior; thermal constitution and the history of the Earth. Prerequisites: GEOL 2060 and [MATH 2130 or MATH 2720 or MATH 2721]. Pre- or corequisite: MATH 3132 or PHYS 2490


Course Code
GEOL 4330  Credits View Details
Title Physics of the Earth: Geomagnetism and Gravity 
Description Potential field theory; magnetic properties of Earth materials; figure and rotation of the Earth; theory and application of Earth’s gravity and magnetic fields. Prerequisites: [GEOL 2060 (C) and [MATH 2130 or MATH 2720 or MATH 2721]. Corequisite: MATH 3132 or PHYS 2490


Course Code
GEOL 4360  Credits View Details
Title Mineral Exploration Techniques 
Description (Lab required) Methodologies used in exploration and evaluation of Canadian mineral deposits and case studies illustrating the application of these methods. Prerequisite: GEOL 3910 and GEOL 2770. Recommended pre- or corequisite: GEOL 4300.  


Course Code
GEOL 4370  Credits View Details
Title Global Change 
Description Examination of the major processes controlling global change through time. The causes, magnitude, and periodicity of changes in the geological record resulting from the variability and interaction of continents, oceans, atmospheres, climate, Earth-sun relationships, and ice sheets, with an emphasis on paleoclimate. Prerequisite: GEOL 3900. Pre- or corequisite: GEOL 3490


Course Code
GEOL 4380  Credits View Details
Title Mineral Resource Development 
Description Examination of economic, political, social, and environmental considerations that affect exploration and mining activity. Prerequisite: GEOL 3130 (C+). Pre- or corequisite: GEOL 4300 or GEOL 3810.  


Course Code
GEOL 4520  Credits View Details
Title Petroleum Geology 
Description (Lab required) A study of the physical properties, origins and maturation, migration, and accumulation of petroleum products. Prerequisites: [GEOL 2060 and GEOL 3900] or [GEOL 2530 and either (GEOL 3810 or GEOL 3740)]. 


Course Code
GEOL 4670  Credits View Details
Title Global Tectonics 
Description (Lab required) The structure and properties of, and physical processes taking place within, the Earth's interior. Continental cratons and their margins, orogenic belts, structural and petrologic features of the ocean basins, modern diastrophism, global tectonic theories. Prerequisites: [GEOL 3110, GEOL 3440 (or the former GEOL 3290), GEOL 3900] or [GEOL 2440, GEOL 2520, GEOL 2530 and two of the following courses: GEOL 4250, GEOL 4320, GEOL 4330, GEOL 4810].  


Course Code
GEOL 4740  Credits View Details
Title Geophysics Field Course 
Description Field instruction in planning and execution of geophysical surveys and use of geophysical equipment; analysis, interpretation and reporting of acquired geophysical data. Students are responsible for costs of room and board during the field course. Taught in the summer term. Not to be held with GEOL 4260. Prerequisites: GEOL 2440, GEOL 2520, GEOL 2530, GEOL 3810, and permission of department.  


Course Code
GEOL 4810  Credits View Details
Title Geophysical Data Analysis 
Description The theory and application of spectral methods in geophysics. The use of Fourier Transforms, convolution, power spectra, coherence, transfer functions, covariance, correlation and filtering. Prerequisite: PHYS 2490 or MATH 2132 or permission of department. 


Course Code
GEOL 4870  Credits View Details
Title Honours Thesis 
Description A thesis based on a geoscience research project conducted by a fourth-year student in Geology or Geophysics. Selection of a project and supervisor to be arranged prior to registration, submitted in writing to and approved by the department head. This course is for Honours students only and is to be taken in the student's final year before graduation. Not to be held with GEOL 4920. Prerequisite: GEOL 3130 and permission of department head.  


Course Code
GEOL 4890  Credits View Details
Title Basin Analysis 
Description (Lab required) The study of major sedimentary basins. Qualitative and quantitative aspects of basin origin, classification, evolution, fluid content and diagenesis, and sedimentary facies architecture. Prerequisites: [GEOL 3900 and GEOL 2060] or [GEOL 2530 and (GEOL 3740 or GEOL 3810)].  


Course Code
GEOL 4910  Credits View Details
Title Advanced Field Mapping 
Description Course developing field mapping techniques including independent mapping and interpretation and synthesis in complex geological terrains. Students are responsible for costs of room and board during the field course. Offered in the summer term. Prerequisites: GEOL 3440 or (the former GEOL 3290), GEOL 3110, GEOL 3900, GEOL 3910, and permission of department. 


Course Code
GEOL 4920  Credits View Details
Title Technical Report 
Description A technical report based on a geoscience research project conducted by a fourth year Major student in Geology or Geophysics. Selection of a project and supervisor to be arranged prior to registration, submitted in writing to and approved by the department head. This course is for students in the Major program only and is available during the student's final year of study before graduation. Not to be held with GEOL 4870. Technical reports written for this course are not considered compliant with National Instrument 43-101. Prerequisite: GEOL 3130 and permission of department head.